Wed 10 Jan 2018 14:55 - 15:20 at Bunker Hill - Verification I Chair(s): Zhong Shao

This paper considers verification of {\em non-deterministic} higher-order functional programs. Our contribution is a novel type system in which the types are used to express and verify (conditional) safety, termination, non-safety, and non-termination properties in the presence of $\forall$-$\exists$ branching behavior due to non-determinism. For instance, the judgement $\vdash e:{u:\mathtt{int}\mid\phi(u)}^{\forall\forall}$ says that every evaluation of $e$ either diverges or reduces to some integer $u$ satisfying $\phi(u)$, whereas $\vdash e:{u:\mathtt{int}\mid\psi(u)}^{\exists\forall}$ says that there exists an evaluation of $e$ that either diverges or reduces to some integer $u$ satisfying $\psi(u)$. Note that the former is a safety property whereas the latter is a counterexample to a (conditional) termination property. Following the recent work on type-based verification methods for deterministic higher-order functional programs, we formalize the idea on the foundation of {\em dependent refinement types}, thereby allowing the type system to express and verify rich properties involving program values, branching behaviors, and the combination thereof.

Our type system is able to seamlessly combine deductions of both universal and existential facts within a unified framework, paving the way for an exciting opportunity for new type-based verification methods that combine both universal and existential reasoning. For example, our system can prove the existence of a path violating some safety property from a proof of termination that uses a well-foundedness termination argument. We prove that our type system is sound and relatively complete, and further, thanks to having both modes of non-determinism, we show that our types are closed under complement.

Wed 10 Jan

13:40 - 15:20: Research Papers - Verification I at Bunker Hill
Chair(s): Zhong ShaoYale University
POPL-2018-papers13:40 - 14:05
Quang-Trung TaNational University of Singapore, Ton Chanh LeNational University of Singapore, Siau-Cheng KhooNational University of Singapore, Wei-Ngan ChinNational University of Singapore
POPL-2018-papers14:05 - 14:30
Christof LödingRWTH Aachen University, P. MadhusudanUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Lucas PeñaUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
POPL-2018-papers14:30 - 14:55
Toby Cathcart BurnUniversity of Oxford, C.-H. Luke OngUniversity of Oxford, Steven RamsayUniversity of Bristol
POPL-2018-papers14:55 - 15:20
Hiroshi UnnoUniversity of Tsukuba, Yuki SatakeUniversity of Tsukuba, Tachio TerauchiWaseda University