Fri 12 Jan 2018 11:45 - 12:10 at Bunker Hill - Testing and Verification Chair(s): Santosh Nagarakatte

Callbacks are essential in many programming environments, but drastically complicate program understanding and reasoning because they allow to mutate object’s local states by external objects in unexpected fashions, thus breaking modularity. The famous DAO bug in the cryptocurrency framework \emph{Ethereum}, employed callbacks to steal $150M. We define the notion of Effectively Callback Free (ECF) objects in order to allow callbacks without preventing modular reasoning.

An object is ECF in a given execution trace if there exists an equivalent execution trace without callbacks to this object. An object is ECF if it is ECF in every possible execution trace. We study the decidability of dynamically checking ECF in a given execution trace and statically checking if an object is ECF. We also show that dynamically checking ECF in Ethereum is feasible and can be done online. By running the history of all execution traces in Ethereum, we were able to verify that virtually all existing contracts, excluding the DAO or contracts with similar known vulnerabilities, are ECF. Finally, we show that ECF, whether it is verified dynamically or statically, enables modular reasoning about objects with encapsulated state.

Fri 12 Jan

10:30 - 12:10: Research Papers - Testing and Verification at Bunker Hill
Chair(s): Santosh NagarakatteRutgers University, USA
POPL-2018-papers151574940000010:30 - 10:55
Leonidas LampropoulosUniversity of Pennsylvania, Zoe ParaskevopoulouPrinceton University, Benjamin C. PierceUniversity of Pennsylvania
POPL-2018-papers151575090000010:55 - 11:20
POPL-2018-papers151575240000011:20 - 11:45
Wonyeol LeeStanford University, Rahul SharmaMicrosoft Research, Alex AikenStanford University
POPL-2018-papers151575390000011:45 - 12:10
Shelly GrossmanTel Aviv University, Ittai AbrahamVMWare Research, Guy Golan-GuetaVMWare Research, Yan MichalevskyStanford University, Noam RinetzkyTel Aviv University, Mooly SagivTel Aviv University, Yoni ZoharTel Aviv University